> Opinion > Echo
Tactical Neutrality Between the U.S. and China
Kim Ji-yoon  |  shara21@hanyang.ac.kr
폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
[320호] 승인 2013.12.02  
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn
Looking in retrospect at the neutral diplomacy of King Gwanghae, the 15th king of the Joseon Dynasty, it was effective in terms of minimizing damage to international relations for Korea and its neighbors. Soon after Gwanghae ascended the throne, China’s Ming Dynasty (to which Joseon was a tributary nation) was invaded by the Yeojin Tribe which later established the Chung Dynasty in China. The declining Ming requested Joseon for help and King Gwanghae became stuck in the awkward situation; Joseon would surely become an enemy of the rising Chung, if Gwanghae remained loyal to Ming by sending an army.
In the face of this crisis, King Gwanghae decided to remain politically neutral. He ordered General Kang Hong-lip to send the Joseon army to help the Ming but then to surrender to Chung soon afterwards. By practicing a policy of neutrality, he was able to satisfy the Ming while escaping retribution from the Chung. However, due to the people’s loyalty to the Ming, opposition to King Gwanghae’s diplomacy led to his expulsion from the throne. Nevertheless, today Gwanghae has been reevaluated as one of the wisest kings of diplomacy.
Fast-forward half a millennium, to another military challenge. This one involves the Missile Defense(MD) system which is a defense strategy of the U.S. that intercepts a missile in midair from an enemy aiming to harm the continental U.S. as well as its allies. The U.S. is now emphasizing the need for participation of allied nations including Korea, and a few countries such as Australia and Japan have already decided to participate. When it comes to East Asian security and the matter of Korea joining the MD, the U.S. and China are divided. Both countries are currently striving for supremacy in the East Asian region around Korea. The U.S. would like to keep Chinese expansion in check while taking precautions against security threats from North Korea. In a bid to accomplish this, the U.S. is attempted to align the Korean Missile Defense with its MD. China is apparently not too happy with this move and some foreign affairs experts believe a conflict between these great powers may led to a new cold war.
Now, Korea again finds itself in a very precarious situation of being stuck in the middle of two allies in a rivalry. As in the past, by taking one side, Korea’s security could be compromised as the other world power would likely view Korea as a new enemy. Therefore, when it comes to international relations, Korea should learn from history and opt for a neutral approach, no unlike King Gwanghae’s. In this sense, Korea must be more deliberate and prudent in handling this issue. The current Korean administration may be criticized by some of the public for amiable sentiments towards the U.S., but, by pursuing more neutrality, history will most likely withhold judgment in favor of praise, as in the case of Gwanghae.


                                                              ▲ Editor-in-Chief Kim Ji-yoon

폰트키우기 폰트줄이기 프린트하기 메일보내기 신고하기
트위터 페이스북 미투데이 요즘 네이버 구글 msn 뒤로가기 위로가기
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
자동등록방지용 코드를 입력하세요!   
- 200자까지 쓰실 수 있습니다. (현재 0 byte / 최대 400byte)
- 욕설등 인신공격성 글은 삭제 합니다. [운영원칙]
이 기사에 대한 댓글 이야기 (0)
School Violence, Reaching Beyond the School Walls
Students’ Right to Education: Well-Reflected Through Online Learning Services?
Beware of the Orange Warning: Anyone Could Be a Victim of Messenger Phishing
Listen to the Superheroes: What Superpowers Do You Want to Have?
The Stalking Punishment Act: A 22-Year Step Forward
A Way of Making Every Day Count: The Miracle Morning
Find a Bookstore that Suits Your Taste
Hanyang University’s First MUN: The Start of a New Chapter
Go Away COVID-19! The Hanyang Goblins Are Here!
Making Mobility Easy: How One of Our Very Own Became the CEO of a Mobility Startup
About HJSubscriptionTo HJFree BoardContact UsPrivacy PolicyYouth Protection Policy
Executive Editor Professor Yun Seong-won | Editor-in-Chief Lee Jung-joo Youth Protection Officer : Lee Jung-joo
Seoul Campus, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, 04763, Rep. of KOREA | Tel_02 2220 4774
Ansan Campus, 55 Hanyangdaehak-ro, Sangnok-gu, Ansan Kyeonggi-do, 426-791, Korea
Copyright © 2007 The Hanyang Journal. All rights reserved.